Monday, October 5, 2015

ROLE OF TOURISM IN SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIETY


Tourism is an activity that is mainly carried out for recreational and leisure  purposes. This activity has proved vital for many countries-developing as well as developed countries .It has been proved in the case of India. The growth in tourism sector is expected to rise further in the coming decades as the sector is expanding fast. Several establishments are included in the tourism industry whose products are mainly sold to visitors. Railways, Waterways, Roads and other amenities like Electricity, supply of Water, Sewage Dranage, and other facilities like Accommodation, Aviation Sector Recreational facilities, Restaurants and Shopping facilities etc. are one of them. As all these components creates the foundation of tourism industry the Government of India and Ministry of Tourism with the help of state and U.T. Goverenments are launching and developing various development schemes to improve the present situation of infrastructure in India.Present paper highlights the role of tourism industry in social and economical development of country,contribution of Goverenment, Ministry of Tourism and other tourism related organization in infrastructure development, effectiveness of different schemes and programmes initiated by Government to increase the tourist inflow and economic benefits of tourism industry.To measure all above objectives, data and information has been collected through secondary sources including Books, Magazines, Journals, E-Journals, Internet, Reports of WTO, Ministry of Tourism, and World Travel and Tourism Council etc. To analyse all these fact three research questions have been prepared:- a) is tourism industry a boon or a curse to the society? b) are initiatives taken by government to increase the tourist inflow and to develop the tourist infrastructure in india, sufficient or need some amendments? c)do increased economic benefits of tourism industry has created a place for India on world tourism map or not ?.After analyzing all the facts it can be concluded that tourism industry is expanding day by day and contributing a lot towards the economic development of society by providing employment opportunities and huge increase in foreign exchange earning.Though it has some negative sides too but this problem can be eliminated by the joint efforts of government, tourism organizations, media, and of course local communities.

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